Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) and Treatments, animation.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) and Treatments, animation.


The prostate is a walnut-size exocrine gland
of the male reproductive system. It is located just below the urinary bladder where it wraps
around the first part of the male urethra. Prostate gland produces a milky fluid that
is expelled into the urethra to mix with spermatozoa during ejaculation. The fluid serves as a
lubricant and nutrition for the sperms. Benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, also
called benign prostatic hypertrophy or enlarged prostate, is a condition in which the size
of the prostate gland is increased. It is considered “benign” because it’s not a cancer,
and it does not increase the risk of cancer. However, when it becomes sufficiently large,
the prostate tissue may compress the urethra and block the urine flow causing a number
of urination problems and urinary tract infection. BPH is very common in aging men: about 50%
of men have some degree of BPH by the age of 60, with half of them demonstrating clinically
significant symptoms. BPH is a result of hormonal changes and is considered a normal part of
male aging. In aging prostate tissue, the rate of cell proliferation induced by male
hormones somehow exceeds the rate of programmed cell death or apoptosis. This results in increased
number of cells and enlargement of the prostate. There are two main classes of medication for
BPH treatment: – alpha-blockers: these drugs relax smooth
muscle in the prostate and the bladder neck, thus relieving the blockage of urine flow.
– 5-alpha reductase inhibitors: these inhibit local production of Dihydrotestosterone or
DHT- the hormone that is responsible for prostate enlargement.
For those who do not respond to medication, minimally invasive treatments are available.
These non-surgical therapies use heat to cause cell death or necrosis in prostate tissue.
The heat is delivered in small amount and to a specific location to minimize unwanted
damage. Different procedures differ mainly in the type of energy used. Transurethral resection of the prostate is a surgical procedure for removal of prostate
tissue through the urethra. This procedure has been around for a long time and is still
considered gold standard for treatment of severe BPH. Nowadays, it is usually performed
when medications and less invasive methods fail.

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16 Replies to “Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) and Treatments, animation.”

  1. Thank you for watching! Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/AlilaMedical for instant notification of our new videos!

  2. I am age 16, I am having problem while starting urine I press my pc muscles invoultarly first before staring urine letting little urine out and pressing in between the flow and then start urination then there is good flow no stop and at last there is some amount of urine stuck in my urethra which dont come out and pains if coughed, laughed over it and goes in with pain (mild). ohaky so my doc gave me alpha blockers (he is an local doc.) for 45days. told me to take it at night while sleeping and am getting detour every mornig after taking this. am just 16 years old boy. my ultrasound reports are normal shows normal prostate size. all it says is cystitis and uretresis (uretra infection) tell me should I stop the meds . will it cause me an problem further am just 16 years old guy

  3. i have prostate swelling i got better with some pills but im still getting treatment with my docor not jk he fingeers me to touch m prostate i hate this condition i have to pee all the time is hard to sleep

  4. If you are having skin issues down there and you are certain they are not a result of an STD…. use a creme called Man1 Man Oil. It treats and prevents chafing, soreness, dryness, discoloration and much more. Every guy should have a bottle of this in his apt.. real good stuff.

  5. What helped me the most was taking rapaflo, and corn silk tea. I was also taking a spoon of molasses in a hot cup of water and i was peeing like a firemans hose. I was good for about 7 or 8 years then i became allergic to all kinds of stuff and i was on allergy pills for almost a year and the prostate issues came back. Now im trying to get better again and im barely going back to my urologist to hopefully get some more rapaflo.

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    Thank you so much!

  7. How does finasteride blocks 5 alpha reductase ?
    Does it kills 5 alpha or just get into its way of binding of 5 alpha ?
    Please elaborate

  8. BPH in man 60 yrs an older. But Doctors rely on PSA which is not accurate thus conduct unnecessary biopsies and prostatectomies and ruin men's lives

  9. Can you help me please. Im 46 and had kidney stone removed and was left with what my urologist said chronic pelvic pain which I NEVER had before the operation!!!. They did the finger test and said my prostate was fine about the size of a walnut but the muscles around it are really tight!! I'm in pain with this crap every day and they have me on tamsuosin but the side effects are horrible! I just don't understand what I've been diagnosed with. What is chronic pelvic pain?

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